00614 - Collector Grade 0.73 Inch Serrated Dromaeosaur Raptor Tooth
00614 - Collector Grade 0.73 Inch Serrated Dromaeosaur Raptor Tooth 00614 - Collector Grade 0.73 Inch Serrated Dromaeosaur Raptor Tooth 00614 - Collector Grade 0.73 Inch Serrated Dromaeosaur Raptor Tooth

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00614 - Collector Grade 0.73 Inch Serrated Dromaeosaur Raptor Tooth

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Species
Family Dromaeosauridae, Colbert and Russell 1969
Age
Upper Cretaceous, Cenomanian stage, (~96 Million Years)
Location
Taouz, Kem Kem Basin, South Morocco
Formation
Aoufous Formation, Red Sandstone Beds
Size
19 mm   •    in
Weight
2 g   •    oz
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Description
Exceptionally sized raptor tooth. Its length is above the average for this raptor family. Without doubt it must have belonged to a completely developed individual in its adult stage. It does not possess any restoration or reparation. Only a small sector of the tip and of the base are missing. However, they are ancient fractures. Its lateral serrations are especially strong and well developed. Its color corresponds to the beautiful red hues typical of these North African sites.

The teeth with strong and vivid fossilization colors such as red, orange and black come from small paleochannels composed by thin layers, in the intermediate and upper stratigraphic levels (Red Sandstone Beds), from the Aoufous Formation (Kem Kem Basin, South of Morocco). The lithology of this body of sediment is characterized by the dominance of sandstones (also known as arenites) and fluvial gravel, of siliceous nature. Sometimes large concentrations of iron oxide are present, and then a small sample of that is usually present at the base of the tooth. These mineralizations are responsible for the wide range of beautiful reddish color tones, slowly drawn during millions of years via fossil-diagenetic processes. The complicated sedimentarian architecture of the layers where most large vertebrates are found makes the excavation methodology a real challenge. Sometimes the local miners have to excavate long tunnels that follow the distribution of the fossiliferous layer.

Still nowadays there have not been many specific studies about these agile carnivorous, which are relatively abundant in the sites in the south of Morocco, in Egypt and Niger. The features of a single tooth are not enough to distinguish even on a generic level. The comparisons with geometric morphometry on numerous dentition rests have brought up the presence of at least two distinguishable morphotypes. Classically, they have been classified as the Dromaeosauridae and the Abelisauridae families. There is yet a lot to be known about these fascinating theropods, commonly known as raptors. The discovery of some connecting skeleton, with both cranium and postcranium elements, would shed some light on the specific description of at least one of these new carnivorous dinosaur taxons, which were agile and seasoned hunters.
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