00917 - Beautiful 1.93 Inch Rooted Elasmosaur (Zarafasaura oceanis) Tooth
00917 - Beautiful 1.93 Inch Rooted Elasmosaur (Zarafasaura oceanis) Tooth 00917 - Beautiful 1.93 Inch Rooted Elasmosaur (Zarafasaura oceanis) Tooth 00917 - Beautiful 1.93 Inch Rooted Elasmosaur (Zarafasaura oceanis) Tooth

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00917 - Beautiful 1.93 Inch Rooted Elasmosaur (Zarafasaura oceanis) Tooth

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Species
Zarafasaura oceanis, Vincent et al. 2011 (elasmosaur)
Age
Upper Cretaceous,Maastrichtian stage, (~66 Million Years)
Location
Oued Zem, Morocco
Formation
Ouled Abdoun Basin (Phosphate beds)
Size
49 mm   •    in
Weight
8 g   •    oz
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Description

It is a well preserved tooth, from the partial root up until the pointed tip. It does not have any type of restoration. It only has a tiny reparation --a glued fissure towards the middle of the tooth. The color of its enamel varies between tones of cream and brown. The continuity and preservation of this specimen make it belong to the finest quality class. 

Elasmosaurus teeth from the Upper Cretaceous from the Oulad Abdoun Basin are relatively more scarce than the Mosasaurus. This huge and famous marine reptile is characterized by its long and stylized neck. Its morphology enabled it being a very specialized marine predator. Until 2011, this taxon was classified as Plesiosaurus mauritanicus. However, a recent publication by Vincent et al, 2011, does a revision on this species and decides to rename it to Zarafasaura oceanis.

Next you can find a link to the scientific paper: Zarafasaura Oceanis

The Ouled Abdoun Basin (or Khouribga Basin), located in the central sector of Morocco, is an enormous sedimentarian basin represented mostly by a vast filling of phosphate sediments. Apart from having a relevant raw material to be extracted, it has a series of very important paleontological sites in which amazing assemblages from big and small marine vertebrates are present. The basin has a so great continuity in its stratigraphic record that both the Upper Cretaceous as well as the two first epochs of the Paleogene (Paleocene and Eocene) can be studied.

The main assemblage of vertebrate fossils of the Paleogene sector present there is composed by sharks, fish, turtles, marine snakes, rays, crocodiles, other types of reptiles and even marine birds. In the Cretaceous part we can add Mosasaurs, Pterosaurs and Plesiosaurs.

Next you can visit a link with very interesting information about this sedimentarian basin rich in fossil vertebrates: Ouled Abdoun Basin

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