00956 - Top Grade 3.21 Inch Carcharodontosaurus Serrated Dinosaur Tooth
00956 - Top Grade 3.21 Inch Carcharodontosaurus Serrated Dinosaur Tooth 00956 - Top Grade 3.21 Inch Carcharodontosaurus Serrated Dinosaur Tooth 00956 - Top Grade 3.21 Inch Carcharodontosaurus Serrated Dinosaur Tooth

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00956 - Top Grade 3.21 Inch Carcharodontosaurus Serrated Dinosaur Tooth

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Species
Carcharodontosaurus saharicus, Depéret and Savornin 1925
Age
Upper Cretaceous, Cenomanian stage, (~96 Million Years)
Location
South Taouz, Errachida province, South Morocco
Formation
Ifezouane Formation, Kem Kem Basin, Red Sandstone Beds
Size
81.5 mm   •    in
Weight
29 g   •    oz
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Description

This is one of our Carcharodontosaurus teeth with the best lateral serrations. The color of the enamel is really captivating, with yellow hues.

It has an exceptional preservation in all the crown of the tooth. There is only 2 glued fractures in a middle sector, but does not have restorations. The lateral serrations are very well defined.

The teeth with strong and vivid fossilization colors such as red, orange and black come from small paleochannels composed by thin layers, in the intermediate and upper stratigraphic levels (Red Sandstone Beds), from the Aoufous and Ifezouane Formations (Kem Kem Basin, South of Morocco). The lithology of this body of sediment is characterized by the dominance of sandstones (also known as arenites) and fluvial gravel, of siliceous nature. Sometimes large concentrations of iron oxide are present, and then a small sample of that is usually present at the base of the tooth. These mineralizations are responsible for the wide range of beautiful reddish color tones, slowly drawn during millions of years via fossil-diagenetic processes. The complicated sedimentarian architecture of the layers where most large vertebrates are found makes the excavation methodology a real challenge. Sometimes the local miners have to excavate long tunnels that follow the distribution of the fossiliferous layer.

The quarries in the red and yellow fossiliferous levels with sands are gravels (Aoufous Fm e Ifezouane Fm) are becoming more inaccessible and dangerous for the local miners. Therefore this type of teeth is everyday more scarce. The teeth which are found on the surface in nearby sites have a bad preservation due to the abrasion that they suffer during its exposition to high temperatures and aggressive desert climate conditions. However, the teeth that are extracted from the depth of the mines are usually much better preserved.

The different Geological Formations that make up the orography of the Cretaceous in the South East of Morocco have been mostly treated in an undifferentiated and not too accurate way by collectors, by Paleontology aficionados and by fossil dealers.

Historically, fossils dealers from all around the world have identified the dinosaur pieces from this sector as belonging to the Tegana Formation. However, in a formal way, most of the last published studies refer to other nomenclature in the description of the units and formations of the Lower and Upper Cretaceous.

That's why next we include an interesting link where the Aoufous Formation and the Ifezouane Formation are described, making reference to their age, geological history, sedimentology, stratigraphy and vertebrate assemblage. It includes a brief explanation of the stratigraphic concepts that have been established formally until today in the studies of this sector of Morocco.

This way, the precise stratigraphic understanding of the origin of the rests, as well as the sedimentological analysis, enables a better paleoecologic characterization of the environments where this amazing dinosaur assemblage lived.

Link: Aoufous Formation

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