This enormous Prognathodon tooth is preserved in exceptional way. It does not have any restoration or reparation. The size corresponds without doubt to an adult individual. The quality of the enamel is very high due to the beautiful range of caramel brilliant hues. It does not have any product or treatment that has altered its original shine and color. Top rare mosasaur species.
In the international market is very common to find Mosasaurus rests coming from the phosphate quarries of the Upper Cretaceous of the Ouled Abdoun Basin (Morocco).
This quarries have been exploited since the beginning of the past century. Many sellers that sell this fossils do not make a good precise taxonomic identification work.
In these sites there are numerous different species of Mosasaurus described in the enormous assemblage of giant marine reptiles that reigned the seas during the Cretaceous.
The main rich levels in these paleontological taxons are in the deeper stratigraphic levels of the sedimentarian filling of the Ouled Abdoun Basin. The age of these correspond to the Maastrichtian stage, 66 million years ago.
Most of the research carried out on these marine reptiles from Morocco have been performed by French researchers.
Next we list the different Mosasaur species which have been recognised in the phosphate rocks in North Africa:
-Halisaurus aramborgi (Bardet et al., 2005)
-Halisaurus walkeri (Lingham-Solier, 1998)
-Prognathodon sp (Dollo, 1889)
-Prognathodon anceps (Leiodon anceps)
-Prognathodon solvay (Dollo, 1889)
-Prognathodon currii (Christiansen & Bonde, 2002)
-Eremiasaurus heterodontus (LeBlanc et al., 2012)
-Mosasaurus beaugei (Arambourg, 1952)
-Mosasaurus hoffmanni (Mantell, 1829)
-Tylosaurus (Marsh, 1872)
-Platecarpus ptychodon (Arambourg, 1954)
-Globidens phosphaticus (Bardet et al., 2005)
-Carinodens belgicus (Bardet et al., 2005)
The Ouled Abdoun Basin (or Khouribga Basin), located in the central sector of Morocco, is an enormous sedimentarian basin represented mostly by a vast filling of phosphate sediments. Apart from having a relevant raw material to be extracted, it has a series of very important paleontological sites in which amazing assemblages from big and small marine vertebrates are present. The basin has a so great continuity in its stratigraphic record that both the Upper Cretaceous as well as the two first epochs of the Paleogene (Paleocene and Eocene) can be studied.
The main assemblage of vertebrate fossils of the Paleogene sector present there is composed by sharks, fish, turtles, marine snakes, rays, crocodiles, other types of reptiles and even marine birds. In the Cretaceous part we can add Mosasaurs, Pterosaurs and Plesiosaurs.
Next you can visit a link with very interesting information about this sedimentarian basin rich in fossil vertebrates: Ouled Abdoun Basin
Order SQUAMATA Oppell, 1811
Family MOSASAURIDAE Gervais, 1853
Subfamily MOSASAURINAE Williston, 1897
Genus PROGNATHODON Dollo, 1889
Prognathodon currii, sp. nov. 2002
Sources: The Fossil Forum - Moroccan Mosasaurs - General Fossil Discussion
Very rare mosasaur in Morocco, most of the specimens belonging from the level 3 in Sidi-chenan locality more rare in Khouribga in upper level 3. Never founded a complete skull until now. There seem to be 1 more specie in Couche IV- in sidi chenane , a currii-like species with slender teeth.
currii, In honor of Dr. Philip J. Currie, Royal Tyrrell Museum of Paleontology, Drumheller, Alberta, Canada, for his fiftieth birthday (March 1999).
Bardet, N., Pereda Suberbiola, X., Iarochène, M., Amalik, M. & Bouya, B. , 2005.
Durophagous Mosasauridae (Squamata) from the Upper Cretaceous phosphates of Morocco, with the description of a new species of Globidens.
Schulp, A.S. & Jagt, J.W.M. (eds): Proceedings of the First Mosasaur Meeting. Netherlands Journal of Geosciences 84: 167-175
Teeth heavy with smooth enamel surfaces, tooth crowns nearly straight, conical with blunt apices, with bicarinate, occasionally serrated, carinae. 11 maxillary teeth, set on heavy, weakly striated pedicles. Dentary with nearly horizontal alveolar margin, 12 dentary teeth. Posterior horizontal inflection on mandibular retroarticular process.